Speech of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi

Speech of the Hon. Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi: delivered in the United States Senate, on the 10th day of January, 1861, upon the message of the President of the United States, on the condition of things in South Carolina (Google eBook)

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Honoring Vicksburg


The Vicksburg National Military Park Quarter

The Vicksburg National Military Park quarter is the fourth released in 2011 and the ninth overall in the America the Beautiful Quarters® Program. The park commemorates one of the pivotal battles of the Civil War — the campaign, siege, and defense of Vicksburg, Miss. Surrender on July 4, 1863, coupled with the fall of Port Hudson, La., split the South, giving control of the Mississippi River to the North. The museum exhibits at the park depict the hardships of civilians and soldiers during the devastating 47-day siege of the city. More than 1,350 monuments, a national cemetery and the restored Union ironclad gunboat, the U.S.S. Cairo, mark the 16-mile tour road. The U.S.S. Cairo was the first warship sunk by an electronically detonated “torpedo,” which ushered in a new age of naval warfare. Vicksburg was first established as a national site on February 21, 1899 (30 Stat. 841).

The reverse image depicts the U.S.S. Cairo on the Yazoo River as it would have been seen when it served the U.S. Navy during the Civil War. Inscriptions are VICKSBURG, MISSISSIPPI, 2011 and E PLURIBUS UNUM. Design candidates were developed in consultation with representatives of Vicksburg National Military Park.

America the Beautiful Quarters Program - The Vicksburg National Military Park reverse

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Jefferson Davis elected Major General – Mississippi troops assemble

The Friend, A religious and literary journal, Volume 34 (Google eBook) Front Cover, 1 Review, The Friend, 1861 – Religion


The State convention of Mississippi has elected seven delegates to the Southern congress, to meet at Montgomery, Ala., and has also passed an ordinance to raise eight regiments of troops. Jefferson Davis has been elected Major General.

About 3000 troops from Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida have assembled in the neighbourhood of fort Pickens, Pensacola, for the purpose of effecting its capture if the federal officers refused to surrender.

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Political Cartoon

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All confidence in the North is lost in the South

http://digital.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=harp;cc=harp;q1=Mississippi;rgn=full%20text;idno=harp0022-3;didno=harp0022-3;node=harp0022-3%3A13;view=image;seq=415;page=root;size=s;frm=frameset – Harper’s New Monthly Magazine Volume 0022 Issue 129 (February 1861) Title: Monthly Record of Current Events: Monthly Record of Current Events [pp. 404-408]

“The Southern States are taxed without adequate representation; and for the last forty years the taxes laid by Congress have been laid for the benefit of the North; not merely for the purposes of revenue, but to promote Northern manufactures. Three fourths of the taxes raised at the South are spent at the North. This has paralyzed southern cities, making them mere suburbs of those at the North. The basis of the foreign commerce of the United States is the agricultural products of the south; yet this commerce is not carried on at the south, whose foreign trade is almost annihilated. The agitations on the subject of slavery are, continues the Address, the natural results of the consolidation of the Government. Responsibility follows power, and if the people of the North have the power by Congress, “to promote the general welfare of the United States, ” by any means which they deem expedient, why should they not assail slavery in the South? Slavery being the only sectional interest, if this could be made the criterion of parties, the North could carry out its measure of aggrandizement and encroachment……….(more) ….All confidence in the North is lost in the South.”

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Control of the Mississippi

http://books.google.com/books?id=Soh2AAAAMAAJ&dq=Mississippi%20Civil%20War&pg=RA1-PA113#v=onepage&q=Mississippi%20Civil%20War&f=false – Pamphlets, Volume 4 (Google eBook) Front Cover Loyal Publication Society 1861.

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The causes of the American Civil War – A letter to the London Times

THE CAUSES OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR, John Lothrop Motley, J.G. Gregory, 1861 – History – 36 pages

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Putting arms into the hands of free blacks and slaves

http://digital.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=harp;cc=harp;idno=harp0028-5;q1=Mississippi;size=l;frm=frameset;seq=713 – Harper’s New Monthly Magazine Volume 0028 Issue 167 (April, 1864) Title: Monthly Record of Current Events: Monthly Record of Current Events [pp. 702-707]

“The Confederate Government had provided for putting arms into the hands not only of free blacks but of slaves; arming them was of necessity liberating them. The republicans will have armed the negroes. They were consistent in this; for they had changed the war into an Abolition war, and therefore the blacks should be called out. He implored them to make the war as short as possible.” — MONTHLY RECORD OF CURRENT EVENTS, PAGE 703

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"I never heard of that", Mr. Davis

http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=iT40AAAAIBAJ&sjid=JeEIAAAAIBAJ&dq=mississippi%20civil%20war&pg=5991%2C496611 – New-Orleans Commercial Bulletin – Jan 16, 1861.


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http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F10C13FD385B1B7493C5A91788D85F458684F9 – New York Times, March 7, 1861

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